Project Report:
Global Warming in the Pipeline
- Explores and develops market-based solutions.


Disseminate critical information to the public, especially young people, and policymakers on global climate change and its implications for required actions, including a rising tax on carbon and nuclear power.

Global temperature and Projected Warming
Global temperature relative to 1880-1920 based on the GISS analysis with projected accelerated warming Described in " Warming in the Pipeline" paper.


The grant funded completion of the paper "Global Warming In The Pipeline" and public outreach. (The "Pipeline" paper is attached to this grant report.) The paper compiles scientific evidence that global warming is accelerating and recommends actions, including a rising tax, on the carbon content of fossil fuels, and expansion of nuclear power. Dr. Hansen summarizes the current state of climate policy in the following short statement:

“A Miracle Will Occur” Is Not Sensible Climate Policy

By James Hansen, Pushker Kharecha, Makiko Sato, Dec. 2023

The COP28 Chairman and the United Nations Secretary General say that the goal to keep global warming below 1.5°C is alive, albeit barely, implying that the looser goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement (to keep warming well below 2°C) is still viable. We find that even the 2°C goal is dead if policy is limited to emission reductions and plausible CO2 removal. IPCC (the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which advises the UN) has understated global warming in the pipeline and understated fossil fuel emissions in the pipeline via lack of realism in the Integrated Assessment Models that IPCC uses for climate projections. Wishful thinking as a policy approach must be replaced by transparent climate analysis, knowledge of the forcings that drive climate change, and realistic assessment of policy options. The next several years provide a narrow window of time to define actions that could still achieve a bright future for today’s young people. We owe young people the knowledge and the tools to continually assess the situation and devise and adjust the course of action.


As long as carbon dioxide can be dumped in the atmosphere without charge, global energy use will be dominated by fossil fuels and climate will spiral out of humanity's control.


The scope is global. National actions such as building windmills (using money borrowed from young people and future generations) will do little to address climate change. There must be a rising carbon fee/tax and a border duty on products from countries that do not have an equivalent carbon fee.

Amount Approved
$50,000.00 on 9/6/2023 (Check sent: 12/14/2023)

PipelinePaper.2023.08.22 (PDF)
Global temperature and Projected Warming


Dr. James Hansen
Director, Climate Science, Awareness and Solutions / Columbia University

Posted 9/2/2023 7:51 AM
Updated   6/17/2024 12:15 PM

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